Trás-os-Montes Wine Region
Portuguese wines are acclaimed all over the world, but did you know each region has a very distinct identity and taste???...
Those who have had the privilege of visiting Portugal know that one of the country’s most memorable treasures is its unique flavours. And for those who appreciate wine, the various Portuguese grape varieties and wine regions are simply unforgettable!!!
From North to South, the climate and geography of Portugal are quite different and so are the wines. The terroir of Portuguese wines is influenced by the sea and the mountains, different types of soil as well as the amount of rainfall... Nature was generous with Portugal and the quality of the wines produced reflects this rich diversity.
The region of Trás-os-Montes owes its name to its location: it is placed beyond the mountains of Marão and Alvão, north of the Douro river and east of Minho, extending itself to the Spanish territory.
Already during the occupation of the Romans the vine was cultivated and the wine produced in the region of Trás-os-Montes.
The climate in summer is dry and hot and in winter the temperatures go sometimes below 0ºC. The soils are essentially granitic, poor, with spots of shale, and in a small area it is possible to find scale deposits of alluvial and gneisses.
The wine region of Trás-os-Montes is divided into three sub-regions:
Planalto Mirandês - on a high, remote plateau over to the east where the Douro river flows down along the Spanish border before entering the Douro wine region to the south of Trás-os-Montes.
Valpaços - in the centre of the region, is a hilly plateau crossed by many streams and rivers, including the River Tua, on its way down to the Douro.
Chaves - bordering Spain to the north, the vineyards lying on the slopes of little valleys running towards the main river valley of the Tâmega, famous for its thermal springs, spas (some recently and grandly renovated) and the sources of some of Portugal’s most famous mineral waters.
These three sub-regions are entitled to tack their names onto the DOC (Denominação de Origem Controlada).
The dominant white varieties are: Côdega do Larinho, Malvasia Fina, Fernão Pires, Gouveio, Rabigato, Síria e Viosinho, and the red ones are Bastardo, Tinta Roriz, Marufo, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional e Trincadeira.
The white wines are smooth and with a floral aroma. The red wines are, mainly, fruity and slightly astringent.
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