25 de Abril - Day of Freedom in Portugal
The date celebrates the revolt of the Portuguese military who, on April 25, 1974, carried out a military coup d'état, putting an end to the dictatorial regime of the Estado Novo. This had been led by António de Oliveira Salazar, who ruled Portugal, from 1933 to 1968.
The Armed Forces Movement, composed of military personnel who had participated in the Colonial War and university students, had the support of the Portuguese population. The army deposed the president of the council, Marcello Caetano, without violence, forcing him to a long exile in Brazil, where he would die in 1980.
Victorious, the revolutionaries managed to implant the democratic regime and the establishment of the new Portuguese Constitution, on April 25, 1976, in a peaceful way.
The symbol of April 25 is the carnation, the flower that the population placed on the arms of the military that day.
After the revolution, a National Salvation Board was created, which appointed António de Spínola as President of the Republic and Adelino da Palma Carlos as Prime Minister.
The next two years were of great social unrest, a period that became known as PREC “Processo Revolucionário em Curso” (Ongoing Revolutionary Process).
In this way, April 25 is known as the Day of Freedom in Portugal and the Day of the Carnation Revolution, being a national holiday where the importance of freedom in our country is remembered.
At a time when the future of democracy in the world, in Europe and also in Portugal is being questioned so much, it is important to look at the sacrifice of all those who have fought so much, sometimes giving up their own lives, so that today, it may be a acquired reality. May April be fulfilled, Always!
Long live Freedom!!!
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