The Restoration of Independence in Portugal is celebrated annually on the 1st of December.
This date recalls the action of Portuguese nobles, who on December 1, 1640 invaded Paço Real and killed Miguel de Vasconcelos, Spain's representative in Lisbon, acclaiming D. João, Duke of Bragança, as king of Portugal.
The Restoration of Independence was the culmination of a period of great discontent on the part of the Portuguese population, unhappy with the Iberian Union, between Portugal and Spain, which lasted 60 years (from 1580 to 1640).
The Iberian Union created problems for the Portuguese population, with tax overload and Portugal's involvement in the Spanish conflicts.
With the death of the young D. Sebastião in the battle of Alcácer-Quibir, Portugal faced a succession problem. After the failure of Cardinal D. Henrique in command of the monarchy, Portugal was ruled by three D. Filipes of Spain kings, for 60 years, a period that became known as the Filipino Domain.
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